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Carphophis
Physical description
Binomial nameCarphophis
HabitatLand
LifespanUnknown
Average Size35cm
DietEarthworms
Scientific classification
KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassReptilia
OrderSquamata
SuborderSerpentes
FamilyColubridae
SubfamilyXenodontinae
GenusCarphophis

Carphophis (common name worm snakes) is a genus of small colubrid snakes. The genus consists of two species.

Physical description Edit

Worm snakes are small snakes, 35 cm (14 in.) or less in total length. They are usually a dark brown in color, with a lighter colored, pink or orange underside. They are easily mistaken for other similar species, such as the earth snakes (Virginia sp.) and the brown snakes (Storeria sp.). They have a narrow head, small eyes, and a sharp tail tip. They are not venomous.

Behavior Edit

Worm snakes are fossorial snakes, and spend the vast majority of their time buried in loose, rocky soil, or under forest leaf litter. They are abundant within their range, but rarely seen due to their secretive nature.

Reproduction Edit

Little is known about their mating habits, but breeding likely occurs in early spring. The eggs are laid in early summer. Clutch size is normally 2-5 eggs, and hatching takes place in August or September. Hatchlings range in size from 7 to 12 cm.

Diet Edit

Worm snake diet consists almost entirely of earthworms but they will also consume other soft bodied insects.

Predation Edit

They are a common food source for ophiophagus snake species, such as the coral snake.

Species and subspecies Edit

Geographic distribution Edit

  • C. amoenus - Arkansas, eastern Missouri, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, northern Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, southern Illinois, southern Indiana, southern Ohio, Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland, Pennsylvania, southeastern New York, and Connecticut.
  • C. vermis - southern Iowa, southeastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, western Illinois, Missouri, Louisiana, eastern Oklahoma, and northeastern Texas with isolated records from southwestern Wisconsin, and southeastern Arkansas.

References Edit

External links Edit

Template:Wikispecies Template:Commonscat

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