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Tropidoclonion is a genus of small colubrid snakes known as lined snakes. There is a single species Tropidoclonion lineatum in the genus, with four subspecies.

Subspecies Edit

Geographic range Edit

Lined snakes are found throughout the central United States from Illinois to Texas. They prefer grassland areas with soft, moist soils.

Description Edit

Lined snakes are olive green to brown with a distinctive tan or yellow stripe down their backs from head to tail. They have similar stripes down each side on scale rows 2 & 3.[1] On the belly they have a double row of clean-cut black half-moon spots running down the middle.[2]They have a narrow head and small eyes. Adult size is typically less than 35 cm (14 in.).

Behavior Edit

Lined snakes are semi-fossorial, spending most of their time hiding under rocks, leaf litter, logs, or buried in the soil. The majority of their diet consists of earthworms.

ReproductionEdit

They are ovoviviparous, the young being born in August. The average brood is 7 to 8.[3] The newborn juveniles are 10-12 cm (4-4¾ in.) long at birth.[4]

References Edit

  1. Schmidt, K.P. and D.D. Davis. 1941. Field Book of Snakes of the United States and Canada. G.P. Putnam's Son's. New York.
  2. Conant, Roger. 1975. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Houghton Mifflin. Boston.
  3. Force, E.R. 1931. Habits and Birth of the Lined Snake, Tropidoclonion lineatum (Hallowell). Copeia, 1931, pp. 51-53.
  4. Conant, Roger. 1975. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Houghton Mifflin. Boston.

External linksEdit

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