The Rufous Beaked Snake (Rhamphiophis oxyrhynchus) is a species of colubrid from West Africa. It is named for its hooked snout, which it uses to dig burrows, and reddish-brown back scales. It hunts small animals during the day with the help of its venomous bite. There are two subspecies, R.o. oxyrhynchus (Reinhardt 1843) and R.o. rostratus (Peters 1854).
The Rufous Beaked Snake is large and stout, with males reaching a maximum length of Template:Convert and females reaching Template:Convert. It has a shortened skull, as with all beaked snakes, giving it a clear distinction between its head and body, as well as a dark brown eyestripe running down the side of its head. Its eyes are large with round pupil. While its back tends to be yellowish-brown to reddish-brown, its belly is cream or yellowish-white.
Diurnal animals, Rufous Beaked Snakes hunt small animals, including other snakes, but stay in burrows during the hottest part of the day. In the summer, females lay 8-17 cylindrical eggs with dimensions of about Template:Convert over the span of several days. The snake's venom, one of its components of which is a neurotoxin called rufoxin, causes hypotension and circulatory shock in small mammals, but is not dangerous to humans.