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Red-backed poison dart frog
Ranitomeya Reticulata 01
Physical description
Binomial nameRanitomeya reticulata
HabitatTropical rainforest
Lifespan8-12 years
Average Size1.5 cm (0.6 in)
Average weight1.3 grams
DietInsectivorous
Conservational Status
StatusNear threatened
IUCN status3.1
Scientific classification
PhylumChordata
ClassAmphibia
OrderAnura
FamilyDendrobatidae
GenusRanitomeya
SpeciesR. reticulata
Distribution
Distribution of speciesPeru
Friendly Retic

Handling a wild specimen.

Ranitomeya reticulata is one of the smaller species of poison dart frogs, . Males can reach approximately 12 mm in length from snout to vent, while the larger females may reach 15 mm long. Like all poison dart frogs, R. reticulatus are vividly coloured and patterned, which advertises their poison. Red-backed poison dart frogs have black legs with a cobalt or sky-blue mesh pattern, a black belly, and a back that ranges from fiery orange to scarlet in color, hence the common name. Like all arboreal frogs, reticulata possess suckerlike disks on their toes which makes their grip adhesive. As they are very small, they often attempt to advertise their poison by flaunting such colors or by ascending trees to escape from predators. If isolated from any form of escape, reticulata will use their poison as a defense mechanism. Reticulata are more slimly built than many dendrobatids, which combined with their small size, gives them the ability to squeeze into minute hiding places. ==Reproduction== R. reticulata naturally live in groups of five or six. At the end of the wet season, several of these groups join in large breeding gatherings. As with other poison dart frogs, the males court the females by calling to capture their attention, and then by gently stroking and licking them. A female will signal that she is sufficiently impressed by stamping her hind feet. The two frogs have sex then undergo amplexus.
Reticulata Tadpole Transport

Wild male specimen with a tadpole on his back. He may be transporting it to a bromeliad, or relocating it to another source of water.

.Once the eggs hatch, the male carries the baby tadpoles into the canopy. The tadpoles have bromeliads. The female will then feed the tadpoles with infertile eggs that she lays into the water. Once the tadpoles become froglets, they are led by their parents to an existing group of red-backed poison frogs. While the young froglets are accepted by all members of the group, only their parents will look after the young frogs. ==In Captivity==
Reticulatapet

Captive specimen.

R. reticulata is a difficult poison dart frog to keep due to its small size. Although small, it requires a sizeable vivarium due to its arboreal nature. Its tiny size and relative sensitivity when compared to other Ranitomeya species delegate reticulata as a species best left to more experienced hands. Established animals do best when kept in a warm vivaria with plenty of leaf-litter, and a good arthropod diversity established in the substrate on which the animals will forage. ==Morphs== Orangeback Reticulata.jpg|"Brickback" morph. Brickback.jpg|"Orangeback" morph. Southern Reticulata.png|A group of R. reticulata of the "Southern" morph.