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The Lowland copperhead (Austrelaps superbus) is a venomous snake species in the family Elapidae. It is found in south-eastern Australia, including Tasmania. It is commonly referred to as the copperhead, but is not closely related to the American copperhead, Agkistrodon contortrix. If provoked, the Lowland copperhead is a dangerous snake with neurotoxic venom, which can kill an adult human if correct first aid is not applied promptly.[1][2]

DescriptionEdit

The Lowland copperhead is generally between 1 metre and 1.5 metres long (3ft - 4ft 6") [3]. Their colour varies a great deal, from a coppery mid-brown to yellowish, reddish, grey or black. The copper head colouring that gave rise to the common name is not always present.

HabitatEdit

A. superbus has a preference for areas of low vegetation near water bodies where it hunts for frogs, lizards and snakes including smaller snakes of its own species [4], but has been found in Sandstone Ridgetop Woodland around Sydney although such habitat is also usually near water bodies[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. TPWS: Wildlife of Tasmania – Lowland Copperhead
  2. Cogger, H.G. (1979). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. Reed: Sydney. ISBN 0-589-50108-9
  3. http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=5277]
  4. http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=5277
  5. Hawkeswood T. J., Turner J.R., 2008 A record of Austrelaps superbus (Günther, 1858)(Reptilia: Elapidae) from Leura, Blue Mountains, New South Wales, Australia with a description of its habitat, Calodema Supplementary Paper No. 90 (2008) http://www.calodema.com/freefiles/389.pdf
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fr:Austrelaps superbus

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