Common names: southern smooth snake, Riccioli's snake.

Coronella girondica is a harmless colubrid species found in southern Europe and northern Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized.[1]

Geographic rangeEdit

Found in Spain, Portugal, southern France, Italy, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia.[1] Monaco is also mentioned.[2] The type locality given is Bordeaux, France.[1]


Coronella girondica is brown, grayish, or reddish dorsally, with dark brown or blackish transverse bars or spots. On the nape there is a dark U-shaped mark, or a pair of dark elongate spots. There is a dark streak from the eye to the corner of the mouth, a dark band from eye to eye across the prefrontals, and a black line below the eye. Ventrally it is yellowish or red with black markings. The dorsal scales, which are smooth, are in 21 rows (rarely 19). Adults may attain a total length of 62 cm (2 feet), of which 12.5 cm (5 inches) is tail.[3]


Its natural habitats are temperate forests, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, pastureland, and plantations.[2]

It is threatened by habitat loss.

Conservation statusEdit

This species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v3.1, 2001).[2] Species are listed as such due to their wide distribution, presumed large population, or because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. Year assessed: 2005.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Template:NRDB species
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Template:Redlist species
  3. Boulenger, G.A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume II. London.
  4. Template:Redlist CC2001

External linksEdit

de:Girondische Glattnatter es:Coronella girondica eu:Hegoaldeko suge leun fr:Coronella girondica it:Coronella girondica nl:Girondische gladde slang pt:Coronella girondica ru:Жирондская медянка sl:Zahodna smokulja

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